2102 GRES Acadêmicos do Salgueiro
On this Profile of the legendary Salgueiro samba-school from Rio, we will take a look at its traditional origins, historic founders, official logo & Flag, amazing carnival parades photos, as well as some of its marvelous muses and Queen of Drums. Academicos do Salgueiro, as noted in our Brazilian Carnival Frequently Asked Questions, is the 3rd greatest winner of Carnaval contest in Rio, since the samba-schools officially started to compete between themselves. Salgueiro is also famed by its hot samba-rehearsals, packed with Carnival divas, actresses and entertainment celebrities. Let´s start by taking a look at their history.
This 1968 picture shows us Salgueiro always had Muses & samba beautiful dancers.
GRES Acadêmicos do Salgueiro Samba School had its origin on Salgueiro Slum. The slum had more than ten street blocks at times, all of them came down the slums to parade at Saenz Pena public square were Salgueiro was already know for their composer’s talent.
Below a fresh New Salgueiro Video of the 2012 Official Rehearsal
At Salgueiro slums, on the 30’s Dona Alice Maria de Lourdes do Nascimento, known as Dona Alice da Tendinha, organized a jury body to award a prize to the street blocks that paraded on the slum. From the union of all the blocks, three samba schools were born: Unidos do Salgueiro with the colors blue and pink, the Azul e Branco and the Depois Eu Digo with the colors green and white.
A creative and imposing Float by Salgueiro in 2009
Photo Credit: Levy Ribeiro -Agencia Foto Br
The Unidos do Salgueiro was composed of the union of the two main groups of Salgueiro: "Capricho do Salgueiro" and "Terreiro Grande". The dominant figure was Joaquim Casemiro, known as Calça Larga. Uniting talented composers, the Depois Eu Digo street group became a full samba school in 1934 and had amongst its components well know names in the samba world. The Azul e Branco had one of the largest Baiana wings of town. In these three schools, talented composers started to appear, real musical geniuses such as Geraldo Babão, Guará, Iracy Serra and Noel Rosa de Oliveira amongst others. Men that made music scenery richer and contributed with original pieces for the slum’s samba schools. It was through their songs that Salgueiro became a respected school.
However, even with the quality of their composers, Salgueiro still didn’t manage to threaten the reign of the largest schools at the time – Mangueira, Portela and Império Serrano. In 1953 it was no different and the best samba school of Salgueiro Slums achieved only the sixth place at the parade. After this result many samba personalities started to be against this division of forces inside the slum. It was then that, on a Saturday, Geraldo Babão went down the slum singing the union of the three schools.
Salgueiro´s Goddesses of Fire in 2005 parade...
Photo Credit: Levy Ribeiro -Agencia Foto Br
Components and drum sections of all three schools joined together uniting their flag colors and dragged people to Saenz Pena public square. After a couple of meetings where the name and flag colors of the new school was decided, in march 15th of 1953, the components of Depois Eu Digo and Azul e Branco schools united to finally form Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Acadêmicos do Salgueiro, with the colors red and white. The Unidos do Salgueiro samba school disappeared with time and their components joined the Acadêmicos do Salgueiro. I t was the birth of a school that wasn’t better not worst simply different, as some samba- researchers recalled.
Soon after its foundation, preparation for the first parade began. The theme chosen was “Uma Romaria à Bahia”, by carnaval producer Hildebrando Moura. On its debut year, Salgueiro managed to achieve an honorable third place, classifying before the all powerful Portela samba school staying behind only of Império Serrano and Mangueira samba school.
During the 50’s the school achieved good results winning over the public and the school established herself amongst the great schools. Important figures of Salgueiro started appearing and standing out on carnaval scenery, such as Noel Rosa de Oliveira, Anescarzinho, Geraldo Babão, Djalma Sabiá; the baianas Tia Neném and Tia Maria Romana. The year of 1959 was famed by the beginning of formal artists working on the development of the carnaval theme, when Dirceu Nery and Marie Louise created a great parade which amazed everyone, especially the juries: Fernando Pamplona, fine arts’ school student.
In 1960, Salgueiro achieved for the first time championship, dividing the award with the other four schools. The theme was proposed by the same Fernando Pamplona and was a tribute to Negros. The first title was celebrated by all Salgueiro’s community and there was no more doubt that a new aesthetic was created for Rio de Janeiro’s samba-schools.
Viviane Araujo Muse can always be seen at Salgueiros Rehearsals, one of the hotests in town.
The 60’s - Innovation
The 60’s is a milestone for Salgueiro’s history. It was during this period that the school achieved three championships, presented memorable themes and contributed definitively for changes on samba school parades. 1963’s parade is a synthesis of this decade. In this year, the impact of the parade was irresistible and few times in history the chanting “winner” was so unanimous through the avenue. The result couldn’t be different: Salgueiro was champion!!
Below we see Milena Nogueira, who was one of Salgueiro´s "Musa" ( Diva) for the 2012 parade. The samba-school is famous for having gorgeous beauties on their parades
A new victory was achieved in 1965 with the theme “História do Carnaval Carioca – Eneida”, chosen by Fernando Pamplona for the parade that celebrated the IV century of the city of Rio de Janeiro. This year, Fernando Pamplona had as his assistant a young dancer for municipal theatre: Joãozinho Trinta. Salgueiro achieved a new victory, the third in its history. After a few bad results on the following years, due to political and financial crisis, Salgueiro chose as theme for 1969 “Bahia de Todos os Santos”. Differently of what everyone thought, Salgueiro came strong in the parade and was once again champion.
Pure Happiness in 1962´s Parade
The strength demonstrated on the previous decade continued through the 70’s. In 1971, Salgueiro was once again champion with a parade that once again made a tribute to the negroes. With Joãozinho Trinta already as carnaval producer in 1974, Salgueiro was once again champion with a theme that brought luxury to the avenue: An unforgettable parade that made the public cheer in full delight, with the beauty of the school. In 1975, Salgueiro achieved its first consecutive time championship presenting zebras, camels and pyramids, never seen before in parades. The first time that visual effect was used at a carnaval in Rio. From 1976 onwards a crisis took over the school when Joãozinho Trinta left the school however on October 3rd 1976 the schools rehearsal court was founded at Silva Teles Street in Andaraí.
2009 ´s "Sacred Fire" Float cauased great impact on the crowd:
During the 80’s the school didn’t have the best results achieving the lowest scores until then. In 83 although they had a great theme, it was poorly executed and gave them the eighth place. The school seemed to be getting back on their feet by the end of the decade, when the school made a beautiful parade with the 88’s, 89’s and 90’s themes when they achieved the third place.
In 91 the great years of the school was back and after the last three year’s results people were once again hopeful. The school had a great parade and achieved a very promising second place. It showed the school was back in the dispute for the best samba school title. This expectation was confirmed in 1993 when the school was once again the great champion of carnaval: A magical parade in which the outcome couldn’t be different. It was the school’s reunification with the golden years after 17 years of internal disputes and average parades. From that point on, the school presented beautiful parades until 1996. On the following years however, they tried to rescue the success of 1993’s carnaval and for a couple of years the composer’s wing believed that all it took to win the contest was a catchy chorus. But that theory proved wrong.
An excellent photo of Levy Ribeiro from Viviane Araujo Muse - Queen of Drums in 2008 and 2009.
Photo Credit: Levy Ribeiro -Agencia Foto Br
This decade the school had a couple of warm results achieving first a sixth place, followed by a seventh and in 2005 a fifth place. This was a very disturbing year for the school due to the death of their patrons Maninho and Miro Garcia, but the school stood united and joined forces to present a great parade. However it was on the following year that the school would suffer their greatest fall: an eleventh place at the parades, the worst in Salgueiro´s history. In 2008 they turned the situation over and achieved a vice champion position excited with the outcome, the community started preparing the following parade and in 2009 Salgueiro once again achieved the greatest honor of the parades: a new championship!
Salgueiro´s Official Logo:
The samba-school has also been famed along its 50 years of existance for presenting some of the most marvelous and sensational "ultra-muses" of the Brazilian Carnival. Some of the latest ones include Gracyanne Barbosa, actress Carol Castro, Sabrina Sato and Viviane Araujo. Below, the 2007 Queen of Drums.
Salgueiro 2013 Technical Information:
Colors: Red and white
Court Silva Teles street number 104, Andaraí
President - Regina Celi
Carnaval producer Renato Lage
Drum section master - Marcão
Drum queen - Viviane Araújo
Mestre-Sala and Porta-Bandeira couple - Ronaldinho and Gleice Simpatia
Interpreter - Quinho
Opening wing choreographer - Hélio Bejani
Salgueiro 2013 Parade Plot Logo:
Salgueiro 201 Samba Lyrics:
Sou "Cabra da Peste"
Oh, minha "fia", eu vim de longe pro Salgueiro
Em trovas, errante, guardei
Rainhas e reis e até heróico bandoleiro
Na feira vi o meu reinado que surgia
Qual folhetim, mais um "cadim, vixe maria!"
Os doze do imperador
Que conquistou o romanceiro popular
Viagem na barca, a ave encantada
Amor que vence na lenda
Mistério pairando no ar
Cabra macho justiceiro
Virgulino é Lampião
Salve, Antônio Conselheiro
O profeta do sertão
Vá de retro, sai assombração
Volta pra ilusão do além
No repente do verso
O "bicho" perverso não pega ninguém
Oh, meu "padinho", venha me abençoar
Meu santo é forte, desse "cão" vai me apartar
Quero chegar ao céu num sonho divinal
É carnaval! É carnaval!
Salgueiro, teus trovadores são poetas da canção
Traz sua corte, é dia de coroação
Não se "avexe" não
Salgueiro é amor que mora no peito
Com todo respeito, o rei da folia
Eu sou o cordel branco e encarnado
"Danado" pra versar na Academia
Composers: Diego Tavares, Dílson Marimba, Domingos PS, Marcelo Motta, Ribeirinho and Tico do Gato.
Below, the Official Flag of Academicos do Salgueiro Samba-School from Rio.